The 5 Hardest Things about the New School Year

Community Autism Resources is pleased to have a Guest Blogger this month.

Matt O’Keefe provides his perspective on returning to school.

Matt O’Keefe is a freelance writer whose clients include a vocational school for those with learning differences Minnesota Life College, personal development site Lifehack and entertainment news blog The Beat. Visit for news and musings.


Starting up school again is daunting for a lot of students. They’re transitioning from a system that they slowly grew accustomed to over nine months, followed by a summer off, to now face a brand new status quo. Having learning differences compounds the struggles of a new school year, which is why parents of young adults who have them should be aware of what their loved ones are going to have to learn to deal with. Here are five changes students, like the ones at the vocational school Minnesota Life College I write for, will experience in a new school year, as well as some quick tips on how to handle them.

  1. New teachers

What kind of teachers they have drastically impacts how well students with learning differences will adjust to the new school year. One possible strategy for making that adjustment as smooth as possible is to be very open about your loved one’s learning differences. If you have any control over the selection of the teachers, look for people sympathetic to your plight. If you don’t, at least let the teachers know what kinds of things they’ll need extra help with. Not all students and parents need to have a close relationship with their teachers, but you and your young adult likely will.

  1. New schedules

In a single school day students typically have to go to around five or six different classrooms. Students with LD will often struggle to remember where to go and when. The solution to this problem is a pretty simple one: writing it down. Your loved one can use a notecard, piece of paper, phone, etc., to record when and where their classes are. If needed, you can even help your young adult draft a map of the inside of the school.

  1. New subjects

Every year of high school usually sees some kind of change to the curriculum. The hope is that teachers will take the time to introduce students to new subjects at a manageable pace and make the material exciting for them, but that isn’t always the case. If your loved one is struggling to get a handle or interest on the new subject, you can teach it to them with something other than the assigned textbook. For example, if your young adult is struggling with Biology class, show them Planet Earth. Give them something that gets them excited or invested in what they’re learning.

  1. New social groups

Possibly the most difficult change for students with LD that occurs each quarter or semester is the change to the group of classmates they’re paired with. That frequent mix up means new social situations on a regular basis. There sadly isn’t much you can do to manage this other than teach your young adult the social schools to befriend or at least get along with the people they’re sharing a class.

  1. Increased responsibilities

Moving up a grade generally means that you’re going to have more homework, increasingly difficult tests and all kinds of other challenges. Hopefully the incline isn’t too steep, but if your young adult is having trouble keeping up with their new responsibilities there are a few options out there for you. You can remove parts of their schedule that aren’t as paramount as education, like extracurriculars. You can take advantage of tutor programs. Or, again, you can open up a stream of communication with your young adult’s teachers to learn directly from the source what will benefit the student.

A new school year isn’t always a smooth transition. For someone with learning differences it rarely is. Hopefully this list does something to help prepare you for it!

“Kid’s with Autism don’t make friends or have meaningful relationships with family & friends. Trust me!”

Does the title of this blog infuriate you and/or make you upset? I’m going to guess, yes.

Several years ago, when my son Jayden was about 3 years old, a woman approached me while I was working. I was wearing some sort of Autism Awareness t-shirt, as I often do. She very nicely asked me if I knew someone with Autism. I told her that my son had ASD and so did my cousin. We spoke for a few minutes after that.

She mentioned to me that she was a retired Special Education teacher and taught a number of children over the years with ASD, but there were far less diagnosed throughout her years of teaching then there were now. We spoke about school services and a parent/guardian/caregivers role in advocating for children like Jayden. She asked me how old my son was. She told me that I seemed to have a lot of knowledge early in my sons diagnosis regarding services and advocacy. I thanked her.

Here is where the conversation took an unexpected turn..she said this, and I quote, “You’re a young mom. Your road will be long and exhausting. There are places you can put your son and be able to visit with him as often or as little as you’d like. Kids with Autism don’t make friends or have meaningful relationships with family and friends. Trust me! I taught these kids for years. It’ll be much easier for you to live your life at your age. You should really consider it!”

After I processed everything this woman had just said to me, I was FURIOUS! I was hurt! I was upset! How dare this woman, that I don’t even know, say such untrue and hurtful things to me? I said quite a few not so nice things to her in return for her “advice.” The conversation ended immediately following my response.

Do I know what my options are as a parent to a child with a disability? Yes, I am very aware! Everyone’s circumstances are different and unique. Each family has to choose what is right for their child and their family.

To me, she was suggesting that I throw in the towel on my newly diagnosed son and look into residential options for him because it would make things easier. Make things easier for who? I hadn’t even had a chance to live in this new world with my beautiful boy! At some point in time, Jayden will be older, and so will I! I may not be able to provide the level of care he needs anymore and I may have to look for other living arrangements for him. When that time comes, I will cross that bridge and make the best choice for him.

The thing that upset me most, besides her complete ignorance, was that this was a person who once taught children like my son. For her to strongly imply, “Kids with Autism don’t make friends or have meaningful relationships with family and friends. Trust me!”, made me so angry!

Jayden enjoys his time alone, doing his own thing but let’s face it, so do you and I! He may not play with toys the same way his cousins and friends do…he plays with them his way. He may not sit down to play a game without guidance but one thing is for sure, this boy LOVES with his whole heart!

The relationships he has with his family and friends are pure! He loves to be around them! He hugs them, kisses them and plays with them, his way! He has formed and maintained many relationships over the years with the people who put themselves in his life, seamlessly. These relationships are not forced. I can only speak on Jayden’s behalf, but I know this holds true with many of you reading this.

Our journey is far from over. Our road has been long and hard. The best days of my life have been spent with my sweet boy and I would not give up a single day of seeing his beautiful smile.

Jayden is a non-verbal child but the smiles and love in these pictures of him with his family & friends, need no words!

The Gottschall Access Program – A College Experience for Adults with ASD

“There are two primary choices in life: to accept conditions as they exist, or accept the responsibility for changing them.” Denis Waitley

We have thought, and said, and advocated for a long time that the adult services available for individuals with ASD do not match their needs and strengths. However, saying this has not changed the landscape for our individuals.  We are starting a new program that we hope will support some of the individuals who could benefit from a different structure than what is currently available.

The Gottschall Access Program is the culmination of work between The Gottschall Foundation and Community Autism Resources.  For the past 4 years, the Gottschall Foundation has hosted a summer college program for adults with ASD. Each year that program has grown and transformed into a more comprehensive and diverse program.  With each adaptation that was made to the program, the students rose to the challenges and requested even more. They wanted not only a summer program, but a full year program, a college program, a certificate of achievement.  We listened…and we believed.

In September of 2016, we will launch the Gottschall Access Program (GAP). The Gottschall Access Program offers adults on the autism spectrum a unique opportunity to enhance their lives, vocational and social skills. This will further enable them to participate in internships, and then eventually the pursuit of gainful employment. This will take place on the Fall River, MA college campus of Bristol Community College. Here, students will enroll in a 3-year program of specially designed courses and have full student access on the college campus.

The program will offer 3 main branches of concentration for career and internship development:

Paralegal Support
Purpose: to teach highly marketable job skills; allow students to utilize organizational and consistency skills; and to provide the students with a foundation for internships within the Massachusetts Court System

Purpose: To improve communication skills; social skills; and confidence

Organic Farming

Purpose: to provide nutritional education; work skills; physical activity

Students will be placed in an internship in their desired field, and receive a Certificate of Completion from Bristol Community College upon fulfilling all program requirements. All courses focus on developing self-determination skills, critical thinking and soft skills. Students construct a career pathway throughout their program that is specific to their learning styles, strengths and interests.

In addition to these courses, students will also complete Enrichment and Health courses every semester.  These courses will aim to broaden interests and discover new skills while also promoting a healthy lifestyle that includes diet, movement, safety and stress management.

By designing and offering this program, we hope to broaden the options that are available to people with ASD while also showcasing the skills and abilities of this community as employable and valuable members of society.  We have been talking for too long…it’s time for some action.  We hope this program will be as successful as we know it can be and that everyone will continue to look at creative and innovative ways to support and nurture our very unique population of adults with ASD so that we can create reciprocal relationships utilizing everyone’s strengths and needs.

For more information about the Gottschall Access Program, please visit the website at Gottschall Access Program


A Disability Insider’s View of Colleges, Universities, and Community Colleges

This Blog is Written by Dennis Polselli, Publicity Coordinator @ CAR

This is the first of at least two blogs dealing with a view of Colleges and universities from a Disability insider’s view.  In the first Blog, I will give you my brief background.  In the second, I will give you some tips on how to navigate Campus life and how to use the Disability Services office as a source of advocacy. I will also have information on how to involve parents of students with Disabilities, and when parents need to step back and trust the university, as difficult as that may be.

I worked in higher education administration for 29 years beginning at Syracuse University where I obtained my masters degree.  During those two years, I was appointed the first blind person as Resident Assistant in two large Resident Halls.  I had the Resident Advisor’s manual put on tape from a friend I met at Bishop Connolly High-school.  I went the summer after my graduation from Stonehill College to Syracuse University.  After that I was an assistant Resident Hall Director at North Adams State College, now called, Commonwealth College where I was responsible for running the Residence Halls on most weekends overseeing Resident Assistants and Student desk workers.

I started working at Framingham State University in 1983 and was a staff assistant in the Housing office training student desk workers and Resident Assistants.   In 1994, the College President asked if I would establish a Disability Services office for there was none at the time.  I set about doing that.  I authored a Disability Services Handbook, I hired reader assistants to record textbooks for students with print disabilities, and I scheduled and hired ASL interpreters for deaf students.  I quickly learned all about the shortage of ASL sign-language interpreters in this state and how many classes went unfilled; deaf students had no services during many classes because of the shortage.   I established Computer transcribers, people in the community who were fast typists who utilized laptop computers and could type word for word the lectures from the professors and they were paid twenty dollars an hour.  The going rate for CART reporters was around 120 dollars an hour and what I came up with was far less expensive and just as effective.

When the university faced budget shortages, I had to make sure we were complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act, (ADA) and provide the necessary accommodations.  I went to MCI Framingham to see if I could get the women inmates involved instead of paying reader assistants ten dollars or more an hour and was able to reduce cost and still provide the recording of textbooks by utilizing the services the women of MCI Framingham could provide at no cost to the College.  When students besgan using E-books and scanned textbooks, I obtained the services the women could provide as readers for the Radio Reading Service I started for Blind persons.  The radio reading service was a community outreach program that provided the reading of daily newspapers, books and magazines on the radio along with disability related information.  The parent network dealt with Blindness issues, and I covered other disabilities.  One book I broadcast was “In Their Own Words”, by Siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, by Community Autism Resources.

As mentioned in my opening, in the next  blog, we will get down to business and get into some tips on how to navigate the campus, get the services you need, and work as a team with the Campus Disability Services office.  Two clues should be mentioned in closing:  First, the ADA does _not require a formal disability Services office it only says that the institution must provide reasonable accommodations in order for the student with a disability to participate in all the programs and services offered by the Institution.  And the second, the responsibility for accommodations shifts from a school system, to the student him or herself.

What Autism Awareness Month Means to Me

                I was at one of my favorite local stores in the checkout line, when the sales associate asked if I wanted to donate money towards Autism. When I asked what organization the money would be donated to, the sales associate seemed confused by my question. The manager was then asked the same question by the sales associate who had to then call corporate to find out who it was. While I patiently waited for an answer, the woman in the next checkout area asked me a question regarding my insistence on knowing what Autism organization the donation was going to. She asked me why I asked where the money was going to since it would help someone with Autism, wouldn’t it? I responded by saying that I preferred to find out what organization it was and if it was a national organization vs. local. She seemed confused by my response again asking, weren’t all Autism charities the same? Didn’t they all help people with Autism? I tried to politely disagree. At this point, the manager came back and told me the name of the organization. I declined to make a donation after finding out the info because I did not wish to donate funds to a national organization who really has not helped my family directly. I explained to the other customer, sales associate and store manager that I was a parent of twins with Autism and did not support this organization’s policy or their way of supporting families with a person with Autism. The store manager and other customer seemed a little taken aback by my response and stated that they never would have thought to question where the funds would go to. They figured it would just help someone with Autism. The sales associate told me that she had a family member with Autism and never thought also to ask: assuming that the money would help someone like a family member. I responded that it may not be the case and they thanked me for the info. To be honest, they may have thought I was a bit nuts to do this over a small monetary donation, but I felt that it was important to also bring awareness to asking where the money was going when making donations. As my sons have gotten older, I realize the importance of this more and more. For myself, it is not just about the awareness piece. I remember when my sons were younger, I purchased quite a bit of items that had puzzle pieces or the Autism awareness ribbon in hopes of spreading Autism awareness. I feel it is even more important for people to not only understand Autism, but also have more of a tolerance for people with differences in general. Our kids tend to stand out more so because of their challenges whether it be their stimming behavior, sensory and social issues as well as communication challenges. Some parents choose to address stares and awkward situations with passing out cards explaining how Autism affects their child.  We have all been in some interesting situations with our kids while in public. I remember when I took my sons to the movies, one of them was a bit scared by the loudness in the theater as well as the darkness. He refused to sit down in the seat. Funny enough he did want to watch the movie, but would only do so standing by the door while he held the door open. After many failed attempts at trying to get him to sit. I stood with him by the door while my other son sat with his helper. Halfway thru the movie, the movie cinema staff person came in to check out the theater as they typically do. When the staff person saw that my son was standing near the door and wanted the door open, he gave me a confused look. I quickly and quietly explained to him that he had Autism and while my son had successfully sat through previous movies, he for some reason could not do so now. The staff person just nodded. I thought to myself, OK, I guess he gets it. He left. In 10 minutes or so he came back with a folding chair for my son to sit down on which to my surprise my son immediately sat down. I was able to inch him closer to the seat section where he watched the remainder of the movie without issue. After the movie was over, I found the movie theater staff person and thanked him again. I asked if he knew someone with Autism and nonchalantly he responded he had a neighbor who had a child with special needs and he wasn’t sure if he had Autism. The staff person said that he got the chair because he couldn’t believe my son would stand for that long. I, of course, was very appreciative of his kindness and assistance in helping my son. This person not only chose to look past what may have appeared to be “odd” behavior, but actually helped the situation. Officially April is Autism Awareness month, but I hope we all can help others better understand not only our children, but that we all have differences that make us who we are. I recently saw something that represented this…









Why am I different?


On a recent trip to Foxwoods casino with Sam (not his real name) we encountered situations which caused Sam to question “why is he different?”

The trip was to attend bingo which he enjoys at his day program, we did not anticipate how he experienced sensory overload. He was unable to concentrate and focus due to many distractions such as the number of people, and the speed of the game. In his distress, Sam became fixated on the soda machine that was set behind us and repeatedly asked for soda. On one of his numerous trips to the soda machine, a gentleman who was sitting near us attempted to help him, upon his return Sam asked me, “Why did that man help me?” I responded by saying he was just being kind. Sam gave me this stare and said, “He could do it himself.”

I believe that he is at a stage where he is developing self-awareness, that he is different but lacks the theory of mind skills that help him understand what others may think and why they act as they do. He wants to fit in and be treated as a Neurotypical and not be “different”.

The question of “why” can’t be fully answered when the question is coming from the heartache of feeling different and alone.

I tried to explain to Sam that no one is truly perfect, we are all unique and special in our own way. You don’t need to fit in to feel good about yourself or to think you “belong”. You belong to yourself and that feeling is amazing. You never know what someone with a disability is capable of.

But, maybe by being different, Sam is here to help others to learn to be more tolerant, respectful, and kind. The man at the soda machine felt the desire to help someone in obvious distress and it made him feel good.

He then went on to say “How come I was treated differently at the doctor’s office”? He had a recent trip to the doctors, where the doctor was not including Sam in the conversation about his own body.

If the doctor had learned the same lesson about kindness, then maybe he would have included Sam in the conversation about his own body. He has intelligence, and as a human being deserves respect in an exam room. Sam sounds ready to self-advocate. He needs to be taught to speak up and say, “I am here, please speak to me doctor.”

Sam is different and he deserves the same respect afforded to anyone else. When he gets that respect then hopefully he will no longer feel different.

Can You See the real Me

By Jan Randall

I was driving in the car the other day when The Who’s song, “The Real Me” came on the radio. I have loved that song since the Quadrophenia album came out when I was 15. Thankfully my son Andrew and I have similar taste in music so he didn’t mind me cranking up the volume.


As I sang along with Andrew sitting next to me, I thought, he could be singing the refrain: “Can you see the real me, can ya, can ya? Can you see the real me, can you see?”

Andrew has been out of a traditional the Adult day program for 3 years now. He has a program from home that I designed specifically to give him a shot having the most normal life possible, at least as normal as you can get when Autism has made communicating a huge challenge and when your sensory system is easily overwhelmed. Leaving the Adult program is one of the best decisions I ever made for him, but it isn’t always easy. The biggest challenge has been to find Andrew work of any kind.

When Andrew was about 16, he started having behavior issues in the more academic classes at school, so we shifted the focus to developing “vocational skills”. His school did a terrific job with offering him a lot of different opportunities. He worked at a greenhouse, he delivered those free weekly newspapers to businesses, he did yard work and gardening, he stocked shelves and filled boxes with food at a food pantry, and he interned at Big Lots, working in the stockroom.

stocking tuna

We quickly discovered that Andrew loved to work and I do mean LOVED to work. Being able to be out, and active made him so happy. His behavior issues all but disappeared and his teachers were thrilled to discover all he could do, and do well.

Unfortunately when you make the leap from school to adult life the opportunities to work fizzle out… Andrew’s job coach Kim and I have spent a good part of the last 3 years looking for any opportunities for him to volunteer, intern or have an actual paying job. Recently however it looked like things would change. One of Andrew’s former mentors, Mike came to me and said he had spoken to a person in charge where he had previously worked, about having Andrew intern there. The person said he knew who Andrew was, that he liked the idea and felt that it would be a great opportunity for everyone involved. All that was needed was to talk to the owner. Mike was excited and felt pretty confident about this opportunity. Both Kim and I were thrilled.

Kim contacted the owner after the holidays, eager for a fresh start for Andrew in the New Year. However, before she could even finish asking about the possible internship she was told, No. I know him. He isn’t a good fit.” When she tried to push on explaining that she would be with him, supporting him and that the business was getting a 2 for 1 deal, she was again told, “No. he wouldn’t be a good fit.”

When Kim told me what happened I have to say I felt a pit in my stomach. I knew what “I know him…” meant. It meant: I know he stims. I’ve seen him stimming and humming when he comes in here. I have heard his voice and he talks too loud. I don’t want that in my place of business.

So, a couple of days later when I heard the song “The Real Me” it made me wonder. Will anyone see the real Andrew? Will someone put aside what they “know” long enough to look at his resume? Will someone look past the stimming to see the guy, who is a hard worker and will never miss a day of work? Will someone put aside their preconceived notions about Autism and who Andrew is, and give him a chance to show how his skills can benefit their business?

Part of me wants to be pessimistic. It’s been 3 years of looking and all we have to show for it is two very small volunteer jobs that take less than 3 hours a week. But most days I have to believe that the answer is yes. I have to believe that there are good people out there who will “see the real me” and give Andrew, and so many others like him, who desperately want to work, or volunteer, a chance to contribute to their community, and to show their knowledge, gifts and skills.